Merin Jose- Film Studies Books refered :3. Film an Introduction Philips, William;print2. Shakespeare and film a Norton guide; Crowl Samuel. print 1.Studying Film Second edition; Abrams Nathan; Jan Bell, Jan Udris .print

The field of film do not exist in vaccum, they are conceived , produced, distributed and consumed within specific economic and social context. Without the attentive eyes and ears and active mind of the viewing audience film is incomplete , it is mere moving images and changing sounds. Film studies paves a way to develop an understanding of how films communicate meaning how as we audience both respond to films and influence the types of films made. It also gives us an insight of how industry functions in terms of ownership, control, finance and exhibition. If we look back to history we can find that Shakespeare on screen reaches from the earliest silent films made in the late 19th century. The mature successful Shakespeare film has been created mainly by six directors namely Oliver, Welles, Branagh, Kurosawa, Kozintseu and Zeffirelli who have repeatedly returned to Shakespeare as a source for their films. The collaboration between Shakespeare and Hollywood became a distinguished feature of the Shakespeare films of the 1990s. In the 1990s film rescued Shakespeare from the art house and restore his plays to the great polyglot popular audience who had originally been drawn to them at the Globe Theatre. The Shakespeare film has traditionally been aimed at the art house rather than the Cineplex audience. Shakespeare film though gigantic compared to the audience for stage Shakespeare was a specialized segment of regular filmgoers , an elite group already familiar with Shakespeare and avant-grade film tradition. The Shakespeare films revitalized the genre and brought it to new heights of artistic and commercial success.


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