June 4th 2016-06-04
Reeser, Todd W. Masculinities in Theory- An Introduction. Malden UK: Wiley Blackwell, 1967. Print
The author in the first chapter puts forth certain arguments attached to the idea about masculinities.
Main Argument: Origin of Masculinity is far too complex to have been propagated or created by a single group or individual
Desire for masculinity: can be desired by anyone having or lacking the male bodily orientation. It is aspired by many irrespective of their sex or sexual orientation. Various sexual groups desire it to acquire a sense of wholeness. Men are not the sole inventor of masculinity- it appreciated and upheld by only hegemonic masculines of the society.
No Originary Masculinity: there is no originary masculinity it the sense that there is the absence of a representative or model masculine. There are only copies and imitations of what we call as masculine. These representations of masculinities take the form of films, posters, documentaries and TV shows. Effect of Pumping Iron on representation of masculine male body.
Main argument: Masculinity as Ideology: established as an ideology masculinity cannot be created by a single group or individual. Society as a whole buys into the certain representation of masculinity without once thinking about it, it appears that natural but is ambiguous in its origin. Institutions create masculinities and are in turn created by it.
Masculinities is created though various social forms such as TV, images myths and discourses, billboards, films
Supporting argument: TV advertising helps propagate capitalism and masculinity in the same tandem. Eg. Ad about Calvin and Klein underwear put forth a certain image of masculinity.
Main argument:Masculinity in myths: myths again represent a certain kind of masculinity that pervades the sensibility of a culture. It gives to humanity a core essence of masculinity wavering from which something ceases to be masculine.
Supporting argument: Example Adam’s creation in the book of Genesis; Odysseus’ epic journey in The Odyssey