Das Madhumita. “The Territorial Question in the Naga National Movement.” South Asia Survey 20.1 (2013): 22-43.
In this article Das tries to bring out the root cause of the Naga Nationalist Movement and point out the present scenario and where the movement is headed. Das patiently explains how the Nagas were split up territorially and how the Indian Government have ignored their plight. The article deals in the difference of the nature of the Movement in the four states that the Nagas are based in. Das tracks the evolution and the nature of the Movement, how it has now taken a political shift and the rift within the society as different ideologies began to emerge.
Das explains that ‘some area of Nagas were never colonised by the British and hence the occupation of the Indian Army was seen as an intrusion for the first time.’ Das points out the complexity of the movement as it involve ‘a collective of 42-44 tribes with its own distinct language and culture’ but they are spread across four Indian states and also parts of Myanmar. He says
The six-and-a-half-decade long Indo-Naga conflict has seen paradigmatic changes of perception and priorities on both part of the Indian sate as well as the Naga national movement. They no longer struggle for absolute sovereignty . . . its ethno-national aspiration is instead centred on the integration of contiguous Naga-inhabited areas in Nagaland Manipur, Assam and Arunachal Pradesh.
He brings to us the variation in the nature of national movement in the four different states and the role of the ‘underground’ in bringing about a unity in these states. More than just the ‘underground’ he also highlights the task that the NGO’s as well as the Church has taken to unite the Nagas in these four different states.
As the movement progressed it has also taken a political shift with the NSCM (IM) backing a political party which came to power in 2003 and have been holding office since then.
Subsequent victory with an overwhelming majority suggest that the said issue resonates powerfully among the people of Nagaland
The Naga national movement is one of the longest standing conflicts in the world and over the years it has seen some nasty events which have aggravated the relation between the two sides. To understand the culture of the people we also need to know the nature of their environment and in this case the ‘wars’ that have shaped their history. The movement have had major impact on the people and Das in his article gives us a detail overview of the movement how it has come into being and the evolution it has undergone. Unlike most writers his work has been non stereotypical and unbiased in portraying about the movement