Accessed on: June 16th
E-book : Masculinity and its Challenges in India: Essays on changing perceptions.
Dasgupta.K,Rohit. Gokulsing Moti. “Introduction: Perceptions of Masculinities and Challenges to the Indian Male. Masculinity and its Challenges in India: Essays on changing perceptions. Web. < https://books.google.co.in/books?id=uHlkAgAAQBAJ&pg=PA1&dq=anupama+roy+on+masculinities&source=gbs_toc_r&cad=4#v=onepage&q=anupama%20roy%20on%20masculinities&f=false>
The authors talk about the masculinity as having more that on type of representations even in the Indian context. They refer to the Connell’s landmark works Masculinities: The Science of Masculinity to support the argument of there being no single model to masculinities. They also make a mention of resources or references on Indian Masculinity to be limited.
Focusing on how masculinity is socially, culturally and historically shaped they arrive at their research question: “How are masculinities formed and what contribution can they make to our understanding of the shaping of Indian men today.”
The authors express as to how while feminist waves have been rampant and dynamic from time in memorial masculinities have been looked at with the same vigor and has always been understood as something “straightforward and unproblematic”. He later quotes Lynne Segal as criticizing gender fluidity as saying that there is an essential feminine experience that differentiates male from female.
The authors further establish the argument that both Feminism and Masculinities as idea have been affected and altered by variables such as class, caste, age, nationality and identity. Indian masculinity or theories about Indian men have been subject to confines of middle class bias. While defining or rather theorizing Indian masculinities the scholars of the field had to grapple with a few question such as: Is Indian masculinity different from the rest? Is it possible to make distinction between experiences of men from different cultures, or is there a hegemonic masculine authority that we try to problematize.
Article from The Hindu
Bhattacharya, Bhdhaditya. “Interrogating Masculinities”. The Hindu. New Delhi. September 3, 2014 15:55 IST. Web. <http://www.thehindu.com/features/metroplus/society/documentaries-exploring-indian-masculinity/article6376131.ece>
The article was written in response to a documentary called, ‘Being Bhaijaan’ by two female filmmakers Samreen Farooqui and Shabani Hassanwalia, the documentary shows how Salman Khan’s films affect the performance of masculinities of certain sections in the Indian society, the documentary also focuses on the hegemonic idea of the masculine that the films of Salman Khan create and nurture.
The article clearly states that, majority males in the small towns get affected by such display of strength, valor and masochism on screen, offering them an alternative way of life.
The article clearly states that, majority males in the small towns get affected by such display of strength, valor and masochism on screen, offering them an alternative way of life. Both filmmaker have worked extensively around feminism and the Indian feminine way of life. The article quotes them as saying that men are affected by patriarchy as much a women.
The articles bring another documentary Mardistan by Harjant Gill, which portrays shades of masculinities quite different from the conventional understanding. Gill concentrates his research on men who fall short of the normative understanding of masculinities.