Comparative Indian Literature: Problems and Perspectives – Shivangi Bhardwaj

Chellappan, K. “Comparative Indian Literature: Problems and Perspectives.” Indian Literature 30.3 (119) (1987): 101-08. Web.

The article brings to light the comparative literature studies that have been done in the field of Indian literatures and what can be further done. The writer traces the origin of Indian literatures and studies how there are elements that are not completely unique to the text that is written. He talks about how there are traces of the Vedic age, the Bhakti movement and the epics written in India in the Indian Literatures that was produced in modern era. Each character reflects the traits that have already been concretised in Indian traditions. He thus shows how there is a connecting link that exists over ages in the Indian literatures. One text creates a basis for another text, thus showcasing a unity that exists in a heterogeneous environment of Indian Literature. The influence of Western philosophy is thus very technical, in terms of form and mode. The experience is thus something that is completely Indian and indigenous.  The struggle within each piece to emerge as universal is backed an Indian experience which is brought in through the characters. These characters thus might be reliable and universal, but their psyche and identity is deeply rooted in India and its experience. This paper helps study the characters and the situations of the two primary texts, namely ‘The Room on the Roof’ by Ruskin Bond and ‘Lowlands’ by Jhumpa Lahiri. Both these characters are diasporic in nature, but their identities are rooted in India so much so that they are more Indian than their other contemporaries. The only limitation of this paper is the fact that the writer does not look at contemporary texts.

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