Department of English
23 June 2016
Changing Patterns of Man- Woman Relationship: An interview with Professor Yogendra Singh
– Joya Chakravarty
The article discusses issues or rather the opinions voiced on gender, gender roles and men and women relationships in various ways. It focuses on Prof. Yogendra Singh’s view on how the gendered patters have changed or are undergoing a change in pattern.
The article then talks about gender issues in contemporary sociology. In contemporary sociology the notion of sexuality and gender roles has changed through social transformations. Reform movement in India has helped awaken the self- consciousness in people regarding gender issues. Other movements like freedom movement and Gandhian movement focused on man- woman relationship where along with the husbands the wives were vocal about their rights and freedom. Hence, compatibility in work also established a better understanding of relationships.
The article then looks into the challenges faced at that time. It talks about the Marxist formulation of gender where marriages are not only about social security but economic security as well. This can be seen in terms of property relationships where women are seen merely a figure of family bonding learning a language beneficial for her family where as a men have the liberty to enjoy their freedom using male- dominance. The article then looks at the patriarchy and matriarchy in functional terms. It states how they might be different otherwise but on a functional level the way gender issues are treated similarly.
A shift from freedom movement to industrialization also shows a major change from cultural, economic and material conditions to pervasive issues like- role of power, role of body etc. This gave rise to the Feminist movement which differed from the Marxist movement on various grounds. Unlike the Marxists which focused on institutions and power, feminists gave importance to power in relation with women. Female sexuality was given a new kind of exclusiveness which to some extent helped balancing the imbalanced power equation.
The interviewee Yogendra Singh focuses primarily on gender, cultural identity, power equations etc. looking in the cause of such debates and discussion. The article questions its audience whether all these discussions are a result of education and globalization and are Indian women still at the crossroads. The article also touches the aspects of English writing in India. Indian writing creates a certain social background for its audience a certain boundary which defines the nexus in that particular place.
In Rama Mehta’s Inside the Haveli not only breaks the stereotypes of the patriarchal society but also challenges its structures by portraying a female or a homemaker as a decision maker. However, this superiority is only established in the absence of her husband who is otherwise projected as the one limiting the boundaries for her.
Chakravarty. Joya. “Changing Patterns of Man- Woman Relationship: An interview with Professor Yogendra Singh.” Gender Issues- Attestations and Contestations. Ed. Rajul Bhargva. Jaipur: Rawat Publication 2010. 251-256. Print.