Towards the Concept of a New Nationhood: Languages
and Literatures in India
- R. Ananthamurthy
(Talk delivered at Institute of Physics, Bhubaneswar, India on 3 September,
U.R. AnanthaMurthy further discusses the various components of culture, history, literature, politics etc. to signify the subcontinent India. It is this varied elements of the country which acts as a proof for the diversity of India. Another interesting thing to be noticed here is the Indian literature predominantly Sanskrit literature is “Religio-Based” in nature. Our philosophies are versatile and changes from one region to another. We have histories and not history. We have cultures, not culture, yet we are united and fall under one category called “Indians”. Further, the author here mentions about the Indian literature especially, Sanskrit literature which enriched the scope of academic world much before the advent of English. It was an official language and produced great authors like Kalidasa, Vishakadatta, Surudraka, in literature. Although it is religio-centric, it had never denied the “Rasas” and other aesthetic elements of a literary text. Hence it validates itself, as a great literature from then prevailing vernacular literatures in India.
But since independence, we are again attracted towards the “Occident” in the name of globalisation. Today the crazy for brands, corporate institutions, films etc. are all unconsciously shaping our ideologies and identities. Subtly illustrating; Ananthamurthy gives an autobiographical example of fore-yard and backyard cultures. He remarks that the regional\vernacular languages and literature are left in the backyard (behind) whereas, the advancement of globalisation which acts as a fore-yard, has taken away the pride and sensibilities of the language and literature. Shift has been happening swiftly, and continuously from post-independent era in the domains of language and literature. Today English has taken over the role of the Sanskrit of ancient India and writing in English has surpassed the regional literature because of the conditioning of the colonial minds by the colonizers with Occidental ideologies and socio-cultural influences.