The Living Indian Languages – People’s Linguistic Survey of India; Volume 1; The Being of Bhasha – Introduction. Page No. 1 – 5
Chief Editor – G.N Devy; ISBN: 9788125054887; Published by – Orient Black Swan ltd.
Urbanized way of life becoming a threat to the ancestral Indian Languages. The rise in the depletion of our ancestral Indian Languages and also paving easy way to enter our vernacular system are the global languages, being termed as the layman’s language. ‘These global languages or ‘mega-languages’ have become or are being perceived as a threat to the local languages (Lukanovic 2010; Meierkord 2012)’. Also the idea of nation-state, wherein it’s the duty to preserve language for national unity, is giving emergence to sub- national languages. These major sub- national language are basically regional languages, wherein there is a migration of other local languages of the same region.
The author further explains the meaning attributed to language as to ‘how meaning gets into language gets into meaning and how the ‘getting into’- the transmigration – causes transformation’ (Devy 01) it is said that through this process, meaning is derived in language. The crux and the essence of the language is stated to be in the meaning of the language and its delivery.
Also the author emphasis on the fact that be it any period of time ranging from the Mauryan period, to the post-renaissance scholars, to the current day contemporary modernists, manifestation of language happens according to various frameworks. Adding to that, it is also said that ‘history’ is the sole logic of language progression and how ‘genius’ is the soul of a language (Devy 2).
Devy then highlights on the study of Braggs and Freedman 1993 that ‘Over the last two decades, scientists have come up with mathematical mode for predicting the life of languages’ (Devy3). There is a serious threat to the human linguistic heritage on extinction. Among 600 only small portion of diversity will continue to exist in twenty second century. There is no understanding of the actual survival of the language. This depicts a metaphor to a mass murder, here of languages.
All in all the chapter till now deals will the various aspects and the threats caused to language, leading to its extinction. The remaining chapter deals with the collective spaces that nurtures the any particular language and also the diversity of languages. On the same lines it describes as ‘space of Indian languages not as a graveyard of languages but as a language forest, a Bhasha Vana’ (Devy 5).