The article takes a glimpse into the evolution of feminist sensibilities in modern Indian Literature, examining literature in Indian English and major Indian languages for the trending perspective and the shifts in perspectives. Mr.Gupta talks about the feminist approach which is women centered approach which assumes the centrality of woman and seeks to project and interpret experience from the viewpoint of a feminine consciousness and a feminine sensibility.
For convenience, Mr.Gupta broadly divides literary feminism into creative feminism and critical feminism where in Indian literature is mostly confined to creative feminism. He then goes on to observe the growth of feminism in modern Indian literature. He also gives examples from various Indian languages such as Kannada, Tamil, Telugu, Marathi etc. In spite of all the limitations, development of feminism in Modern Indian Literature has brought about an insistent exploration of the role and status of women in our society.
The researcher is focusing on the aspect of Indian literature and how the modern Indian literature writers portray women in their works. No matter which part of India women belongs to but the problems remains same throughout. Therefore the researcher wants to see what can make women to overcome these problems and face to patriarchal society with heads held high.
R.K Gupta, Feminism and Modern Indian Literature, Sahithya Academy,Vol. 36, No. 5 (157), pp. 179-189, 1993,Web.
The novel Mahasweta by Sudha Murthy sketches out the Indian consciousness foregrounded from the Indian life and Indian culture. Her novels surrender to the reflection of the Indian consciousness that has been presented through different situations in most of her works. It is a significant and comprehensive attempts to explore the Indian consciousness constructed in Sudha Murthy’s Mahasweta.
Sudha Murthy focuses on gender centric approach as a mechanism to expose the humiliation of humility is helpful to expand the frontiers of human thought. The researcher had also focused on the voices of female with the canons of socio religious socio economic and socio psychological dimensions of feminine oriented practices. As she focuses on feminism the novel Mahasweta unbolts a chance for an analysis using Indian consciousness in relation to the feminism issue. The comprehensive study of the novel in English has helped to explore the new dimension of Indian literature in the postcolonial argument.
The researcher will analysis the novel tries to deconstruct the themes and tries to trace and analyses the various contradictions. Sudha Murthy has attributed the superior and courageous manner to the protagonist character in the novel Mahasweta. Educated and independent women like Anupama the protagonist from a poor family background are dominated by the rules and regulations in the rich in laws house. The theme according to the author of the paper can be stated as the opposition between reality and /or idealism and dissent of reality. (S.D Kiran Sasi)
According to the author, Sudha Murthy tries to reveal the tension existing between the truth and dishonesty. The novel also focuses on lot of binary oppositions such as rich/poor, man/woman, truth/dishonesty. The novel has focused on lot of emotional trauma.
The writer of this particular article has focused on different theories such as feminism, gender centric, postcolonial. As being the researcher for the same novel as the primary text this particular article has helped as a guideline for further research using some of these theories as a prime concern.
Since the researcher is trying to focus mainly the postcolonial theory this particular mentions the theory in very gist, the unexplained theory remains as a limitation, but has provided an idea for further research in this particular field.
“Contextualizing Indian Consciousness in Sudha Murthy’s Mahasweta”; D.S Kiran Sasi;
Trans Stellar International Journal of English and Literature; ISSN 2249-6912; Vol.3,
Issue 1, Mar 2013,153-156; Web.
The article focuses on the values and attitude of human in the modernized sophisticated era. All the nations look at India at the dressing attires and orthodox family structures. The modern world in India has created a passion for following Indian culture and tradition.
Sudha Murthy focuses on the importance of humanity, despite the domination of money in her two novels Mahasweta and Dollar Bahu. These novels make the readers to realize that money doesn’t get everything in life so certainly tries to bring the readers out of money madness and retain their human relations.
In India women are known for kitchen and sorrows but in the modern era Indian women set their roles on the challenging space – Male dominated society. “The success which women in the 21st century are making is not a simple achievement, but unfortunately there are women who are still considered as Dark Horses.”(Sai Mamata, 1)
Once a male child is born into a family everyone celebrates with joy and provides the child with special attention. In such case slowly the gender discrimination makes the male child to dominate the female ones by subordinating.
The modern writers are following the previous generation writers by awakening the writers in their writings to consider the major issues of the society in which they are surrounded with. The modernist writers have set a clear pathway to the up – coming generations to taste the sweetness among the families.
Sudha Murthy being the author for the research, the researcher has focused on the works such as Mahasweta and Dollar Bahu which are the well – known novels written by Sudha Murthy. As the researcher is focusing on the different kind of people in a single society and how money means everything to mankind. She focuses on two main characters Anupama and Vinuta respectively. Both these characters are from a poor background that is not accepted into rich in – laws family due to their poverty. But in both the novel the protagonists show in different limelight as Anupama lives her life alone whereas Vinuta moves away from her in – laws and leads a happy life with her husband and child.
The author could have focused more on the dollar issues using certain theory so that the analysis could have been better than compared what has already been done. Suppose the author could have used either a Marxist or a postmodern analysis by placing the novel in any of the situation portrayed by the novelist. “The characters Anupama and Vinuta clearly show that family is made up of good human relations but not money.”
These two novels convey a message to those who think money is everything in the world and count even the love and affection in terms of dollar that happiness cannot be earned through dollars but can only be earned through the love care and respect to the fellow beings.
Women in the age of Dollars and Indian Currency – A Perspective into Sudha Murthy’s Dollar Bahu and Mahasweta; Sai Mamata; ELK Asian Pacific Journals; ISBN: 978-81-930411-1-6;Web.
Global Journal for Research Analysis; Dr. Nimavat Dushyant; Volume 3; Issue: 1; ISSN NO
2277 – 8160; Jan 2014.
The Indian literary scenes have undergone as lot of changes as far as the women writing are concerned. Writers like Shashi Deshpande, Kiran Desai, Gita Mehta, Kamala Das have tried to give new life to women through their writings.
- Status is noted to be the most important amongst women because the levels of status of women are varied from country to country or even within different areas. In India there is a constant effort made to bring women out of their sufferings but many still are extra – patience, docile and bearing the sufferings without knowing their rights in the country.
- “History has proved that Indian women are capable of becoming a ruler, good in the administration, a wonderful organizer, and a tough fighter” (Nimavat Dushyant). Over the years Indian women have proved that they are stronger than what they are actually portrayed like. These are brought to the lime light in Indian literature slowly by the contemporary women writers.
- According to Nimavat, “Literature is not only a mirror. It is also a Map, a geography of he mind”. Literature talks about the sufferings faced by women. Women feel that literature is the best place to express them. Women writings usually fall under the feminist study.
- “Feminist is the concept of the theory that they are fighting for their rights, trying to break from the ideological form”.
- Women not just write to make their minds free from the usual sufferings but they wrote for providing awareness to other women in the society. Example; Anita Desai, Kamala Das, Kamala Markandaya, Nayantara Sahgal.